Procedures explain the accepted process for carrying out a specific activity, such as sharpening pencils, turning in completed work, using lockers, or asking to use the restroom.
There are procedures for logging on to the computer.
There are procedures for participating in class.
Having classroom procedures…
- Increases instructional time by preventing problem behavior. Procedures show students how to behave, minimizing amount of non-academic time while increasing time for academic instruction.
- Frees teachers from correcting misbehavior. When students perform routines smoothly, teachers can focus on recognizing the expected behavior, and are freed to take care of instructional tasks and review student work, while having to provide less correction.
- Improves classroom climate. When you take time to explain how things are to be done, you appear fair and concerned. Students then experience higher rates of success and satisfaction, ensuring a positive learning environment.
- Creates shared ownership of the classroom. Involving students in management of the learning environment empowers them, helping them to feel a partnership for their success and that of others.
- Develops self-management. Procedures provide students with productive work habits that lead to personal accountability and effectiveness later in life.
Let’s look at a few examples of one teacher’s classroom procedures.
Lining Up to Exit the Classroom
- At the signal, put materials away and clear your desk
- When your row is called, push in your chair and move quietly, walking to the doorway
- Line up facing the door, keeping one space between each person
- Keep hands and feet to self
- Listen to the teacher and wait for the signal to depart
- When given the instruction to begin, get all materials out and begin within 5 seconds
- Continue working until done
- Visit quietly with a neighbor if you need help; all conversation is related to work
- Raise your hand if you need help or to get permission to leave your seat
- When your work is finished, review and check
- Turn finished work into the work box
Large Group Instruction
- Have out only the materials needed for the lesson
- Sit up straight, eyes on the teacher or your materials
- Listen attentively
- Take notes if appropriate
- Raise your hand to contribute or ask a question
- Remain in your seat